Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Marathi people. It is the official language of Maharashtra and Goa and is one of the 23 official languages of India. It is the 19th most spoken language in the world. Marathi has the fourth largest number of native speakers in IndiaMarathi has some of the oldest literature of all modern Indo-European, Indic languages, dating from about 1000 AD. The major dialects of Marathi are called Standard Marathi and Warhadi Marathi. There are a few other sub-dialects like Ahirani, Dangi, Vadvali, Samavedi, Khandeshi, and Malwani. Standard Marathi is the official language of the State of Maharashtra.
Standard Marathi is based on dialects used by academics and the print media.Maharashtra is counted amongst the coastal cities of India and has been gifted with natural beauty in abundance. Combine this with the architectural splendour of the state and voila, you have the perfect answer to why the state is so popular amongst Indian as well as foreign tourists. If you are going to a new place, especially if it’s in a foreign country, it is better to be prepared with all the information regarding it, right from the weather to location to languages spoken there.
It will help you avoid a number of problems. As far as Maharashtra is concerned, the official language is Marathi. Infact, this language is spoken by the majority of population living in the state. In the bigger cities of Maharashtra (like Mumbai, Pune, etc), where the populace has acquired cosmopolitan nature, Hindi and English are counted amongst the major languages. Along with this, people are also found speaking Gujarati and Urdu. You can also find a number of dialects spoken in the state, which differ as you move from one region to another.
For instance, in the northwest parts of Maharashtra, Ahirani dialect is spoken. As you move the south Konkan, you will hear many people speaking in Malvani – a dialect of Konkani. Then, in the Desh region of the Deccan Plateau, you will come across people speaking in Deshi. Even the Varhadi dialect can be heard from the people of Vidarbha region. However, whatever be region that you visit or the language that you hear, the hospitality offered by the people of Maharashtra will remain the same, now and always!
Indic scholars distinguish 42 dialects of spoken Marathi. Dialects bordering other major language areas have many properties in common with those languages, further differentiating them from standard spoken Marathi. The bulk of the variation within these dialects is primarily lexical and phonological (e.g. accent placement and pronunciation). Although the number of dialects is considerable, the degree of intelligibility within these dialects is relatively high. Historically, the major dialect divisions have been Ahirani, Khandeshi, Varhadi, ZadiBoli, Vadvali, Samavedi and Are Marathi.